Barts and The London, School of Medicine and Dentistry


Year 1 CR1: Cardiorespiratory 1

Teaching Material for this Module


Welcome to the Cardiorespiratory System introductory course. This course is designed to introduce you to the basic structure and function of the body systems that enable oxygen and metabolic fuel to reach tissues, and carbon dioxide and waste products to be removed. By the end of the course you should be able to:

  1. Describe the structure and function of the different types of cells in the blood
  2. Explain the mechanisms of haemostasis and blood clotting, and describe the commonest medical conditions where these mechanisms malfunction
  3. Explain the method by which oxygen is carried from the lungs to the tissues
  4. Describe the basic structure and functions of blood vessels, the heart and lungs
  5. Describe how the heart works as a pump, including the pressures of the cardiac cycle and the heart's electrical activity as measured by the ECG; understand what is meant by heart failure and how it may be managed.
  6. Explain the role of blood pressure, cardiac output and peripheral resistance in the distribution of blood to the various organs of the body; describe the neuronal and hormonal control of these parameters
  7. Describe the role of the sympathetic nervous system in the control of blood pressure at rest and during exercise and injury
  8. Describe the mechanisms of gaseous exchange in the lungs, and the mechanisms whereby blood carried gases to and from tissues to the lungs; describe the commonest medical conditions where these mechanisms malfunction
  9. Describe the main classes of drugs used to treat the most common pathological conditions in the cardiorespiratory system
  10. Carry out basic clinical physical examinations related to the cardiorespiratory system





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