Barts and The London, School of Medicine and Dentistry


Year 2 CR2: Cardiorespiratory 2

Teaching Material for this Module


By the end of the course the student should understand

1) The structure and function of the heart in terms of how it relates to generating and maintaining cardiac output. The causes and major consequences of valvular heart disease. How electrical activity in the heart is initiated, how it is transmitted, and how it acts to produce efficient synchronised pumping. How to interpret a 12 lead ECG and do a rhythm analysis and a simple conduction analysis.

2) The anatomy and physiology of blood vessels, in particular the role of the endothelium of blood vessels.

3) The physiological mechanisms involved in the homeostasis of blood pressure and blood volume. The effects of hypertension, hypotension & haemorrhage.

4) The condition of clinical shock and how it may be managed

5) The common signs and causes of myocardial infarction.

6) Standard drug treatments for cardiovascular illness.

7) The anatomy and physiology of normal lungs and lung function. How lung function may be investigated; The nature of restrictive and obstructive lung diseases, and the consequences of each of these conditions.

8) Respiratory homeostasis of blood gases and pH and how these functions may be compromised in disease.

9) The signs and symptoms of lung cancer & tuberculosis, and the management of these conditions.

10) The common disorders of blood function including the anaemias and leukaemias

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